Photography is an art that requires passion, an eye for a detail, a camera, and a subject. Nature Photography is not about taking a picture of a leaf or a waterfall but it is about how detailed the picture is, how beautiful it looks, and what impressions it produces for the observer. It is never as easy as it seems and to take pictures of cascading waterfalls, meandering rivers and snow-clad mountains can require a lot more than a good camera and passion for photography.
Understanding Digital Photography: Techniques in Getting a Great Picture
Have you heard of, “There is more than meets the eye?”
We use our eyes to view things in our environment. However, through time, man has devised ways on how to preserve the things normally seen and thus treasured, whether these are beautiful or not, and one of which is by using cameras.
The images that are captured by cameras can make our eyes see things that have happened before. Moreover, it enables the heart to wish for beautiful things to happen in the future.
These days, the biggest sellers in the camera market are the so-called digital SLR cameras. These are the modern gadgets that can trigger our creativity and seats of emotion.
Though relatively new, most people choose digital SLR because it can be easily manipulated. However, having these cameras does not completely guarantee that the every captured image is great and perfect.
Following are some point by point guidelines that should be considered to maximise the expense of your digital cameras:
1. Simplicity: Zoom in to capture the part you want to emphasise. Thus, irrelevant objects or areas can be taken away or just allow them to soften.
2. Rule of thirds: When capturing a moving object, it is advisable to capture them moving into the imaginary tic-tac-toe frame from one of the two sides.
3. Shapes and lines: Capture a straight line at an angle by moving five to ten feet away to the side to capture at an angle.
4. Vantage point: To add significance or emphasis to an object, take a picture at a lower vantage point. Increasing the height away from the object can reduce its significance.
5. Balance: Pick out the dominant objects and arrange them so that they complement each other. However, unbalanced or asymmetrical objects are often more visually stimulating than balanced objects.
6. Framing: You can use the frames of your windows to capture an outdoor scene. You can also use doors and walls of a building to capture a person a walking person.
7. Indoor photographs: You can use natural lighting when you are taking candid shots so that the subjects will not be bothered by the flash coming out of the camera.
8. Camera adjustments: The aperture allows light to enter. You must learn how to adjust this properly and appropriately so that images will not appear as either very bright or very dim. Lowering the shutter speed allows the image to be more exposed to light. You must learn the proper length of exposure so that images will not appear as blurry.
9. ISO speeds: Digital cameras have ISO speeds ranging from 100 to 800. The higher the ISO, the higher the camera’s sensitivity to light’s exposure. Be sure to master using this element along with the camera’s aperture and shutter speeds.
10. Lens/Filters: There are digital cameras that allow additional lenses to be attached to the main lens, or the lenses can be completely interchangeable.
Lenses can be categorised as follows:
a. Macro lens – allows you to get closer to objects like insects and flowers
b. Wide-angle lens – used for capturing landmarks, and large and wide sceneries
c. Telephoto lens – allows longer zooms that let you get close to objects that are rather unsafe.
Filters, on the other hand are used to:
a. Soften the effect of the image
b. Provide blurring on the edges for portraits that have sensitive moods
c. Add light flares for the image to be more dramatic
d. To reduce glare so that pictures appear more saturated, crisp, and vivid.
However, if you still want to improve on the images that you have taken, the following list of software can allow touch-ups:
• Adobe Photoshop
• Apple’s iPhoto
• Corel Paint Shop Pro
• Google Picasa
Once you have understood and mastered the important points on digital photography and capturing pictures, you will soon realise that the keys in getting great pictures are: “Even a simple aim and shoot camera” and “Creative ME.”
Choosing A Subject In Photography
How do you know what photos you will take? Are you going to a family reunion? Are you going out for a hike and hope to see some wildlife? There are many questions when it comes to photography. You will want to have a basis of photography techniques to provide the best photograph and once you learn those techniques the subject will be up to you. Most photographers whether they are professional or amateurs like you will have a medium they work with. It is the same with other artists; you have painters, sculptors, sketch artists, and much more. Photography is art and therefore requires an eye for the right photograph.
How do you know what subject you will shoot? This is where your interests lie. If you wish only to take pictures of wildlife then you will have to wait for the subject to come into view. Obviously you can go to a wildlife park such as the Rocky Mountain National Park and hope to find subjects. Most often it will depend on the time of year. Elk and Deer are more prominent when they come down the mountains to mate and eat. Birds will always be available, but the type of birds will vary. If you are in Alaska chances are you will have several chances of shooting a Bald Eagle, while in Florida you may find heron or cranes.
When you practice techniques you will have to choose your subject accordingly. A lot of us are regulated to the surrounding area. Landscape photography requires the use of the land you have around you, unless you are going on holiday to some place new. This is another important fact to choosing a subject. You are either limited or you have the whole world at your feet. It will depend on your travelling abilities. For now, we will stick close to home.
Once you choose your medium you will then go in search of subjects. The subject that speaks to you is what you should choose to shoot. If a tree and the knots it’s formed interest you, you will want to check the lighting of the area. Deciding which angle to shoot from will also make the decision on the subject. The lighting may not be right for the subject you have chosen and the other side of the subject may not yield the best picture.
To choose a subject you will need a good eye for detail and observation. Often the best subject is not the one you can see with a plain eye. Have you ever looked at a tree and found a spider web hiding in the leaves? If you look closer you might even find a spider. A spider web can make a great picture not only because of the technique required to have the web show up in your photo with the silky threads, but also the pattern of a spider web. We are fascinated with an organism that can create a symmetrical pattern.
Again your eye is the best tool for finding a subject. How you choose the subject will depend on what is available, the angle and the light. Moving slowly through an area such as landscape will help you determine the subject. Looking under leaves or rocks is often beneficial to finding something new and different. You never know where you will find a picture just waiting for you to click a picture. Some people and animals do things that will never again happen and this is when you want to have camera available. Most people interested in photography carry a camera with them everywhere they go. If this sounds like a habit, a real habit turns into a hobby and a possible income if you become good at taking the right pictures. As you get better at taking the pictures, you can then start displaying your pictures for others to see and possibly buy.
Have You Seen The Latest Street Photography
One of the most candid styles of photography is street photography. It consists of candid pictures taken of people in public situations. Street photography was done everywhere on the street and now has moved to the mall, at clubs, streets, parks, and practically anywhere. A street photographer never asks anyone to pose, and he or she does not want anyone to act as if he or she knows what might happen next. This takes away from the natural look needed when using the technique of street photography.
Street photography stems from another type of photograph that called documentary photography. Documentary photography once said to be the most honest and true to life picture taking. There are professional and amateur brands of documentary photography, as well as street photography. Street photography reflects society in its untainted state. This accounts for many pictures we see on the internet and television that reflect what was happening at the time.
Pictures of this genre use black and white film. Street photography often shows irony in situations. Many street photographers use wide view lens cameras to capture a wider area. The shots usually have the appearance of a screen or a window viewing the human state at a particular moment. The photographer becomes removed from the scene. This type of picture taking captures the most honest moments in life.
Some photographers who specialize in street photography take their cameras to public events like conventions, meetings, and tragic sites. Others simply photograph life around them. A famous street photographer named Garry Winogrand was well known for capturing New York unremarkable for years. Garry was interested in shedding light on the contemporary social issues of his time. He became prominent after the 1960s. He shot about one hundred photographs a day for about thirty years, and left over three hundred thousand unedited exposures.
One interesting thing about street photography is that sometimes a photographer might capture things on film that they were not even focusing on. Strange and funny things might be happening in the background or the foreground of a photograph that they do not even notice. When the film is developed, they often find things within the scope of their shots that are ironic, interesting, or funny. Many times, things are seemingly unrelated to the rest of the shot, but because of this factor, one can say that street photography is one way that we used to capture the moment.
The genre of street photography started between the end of the 19th century and the mid to late 1970s. One of the assisting inventions of this type of picture taking was 35-millimetre film. Thirty-five millimetre film was introduced towards the late 19th century. Photographers from both Europe and North America spread the popularity of the genre and developed the art behind it. Including in the early development were photographers Henri Cartier-Bresson of France and Robert Frank of Switzerland.
You do not have to be a professional to take on street photography. You do not necessarily have to use black and white film either. All you need is a way to take pictures. You can make your own documentary film series. The pictures you take can comment on society. Your photographs can record people doing mundane activities like eating or sleeping. It is important to remember, however, that you should not publish pictures of people without their consent.
Becoming a street photographer can be a great hobby. You can donate your pictures to museums and websites, or you can start your own website. There are also photo archives that consist of collections of pictures that are available for public use. This is also a place that you may have your pictures displayed. Street photography is one way to capture the real moments of life. Thanks to technology, film editing is easier than ever. Once you try street photography, you find yourself caught up in the real world. The pictures reflect the everyday life and times.
**Please read the following information on Privacy in Australia Law.
For any other country please do a Google search for that countries Privacy Laws.
We have no right to individual privacy in Australian law – this probably comes as a surprise to a lot of readers, but there you have it. Photographers, generally speaking, can freely photograph everyday situations, people and places, as long as they aren’t breaking any other laws (such as trespassing).15 Dec 2016
There is no law prohibiting taking pictures in public places, such as streets, parks or beaches, even if those photos include the people being there. This sounds a bit tricky considering privacy acts, but, as a matter of fact, there is no law protecting people from being photographed while in a public place.15 Feb 2021