Photography – An excellent inventive means for private expression –
History Of Photography
Have you ever wondered where modern photography originated? While we are now moving into the digital age and away from film, the lighting techniques and other photography techniques began in the 1820s. Niépce and Daguerre were the first inventors of modern photography. They used a chemical component from silver and chalk, which darkens when exposed to light. This type of technology used a glass negative to cement the picture.
From the early cameras seen in western films we have moved on to manual cameras with film. This film or negative captured the image on a roll to be developed in a dark room to prevent over exposure. The manual cameras used a theory of setting up shots. You had to understand aperture, shutter speed, white balance, and metering to obtain the best picture possible. This meant you spent a lot of time setting up the shot and had to be a professional to catch wildlife in their natural habits.
Aperture is measured by F-stops, or the amount of light the lens will let in. Focusing and depth of field are also important when setting the aperture on your camera. You have to know what numbers will allow more light to enter the lens and the converse to avoid over exposure and blurriness. Shutter speed is the amount of time a lens is open for the picture. You may have found in a darkened room without flash your camera takes a while to imprint the picture on the negative. This is because the light is dim and the shutter must correct for the lack of light. The lack of light induces a need to expose the film longer to obtain the picture whereas more light will have the shutter moving at a faster speed.
From the manual cameras we moved into the automatic. The camera became lighter. The shutter speed and aperture was programmed into the camera by the settings. ISO became important. ISO is the film speed. Instead of taking minutes to set up a shot you just had to pick the correct setting and hold the button down to focus. Many cameras came as automatic with manual options for those who still liked to treat photography as an artistic vocation.
Digital cameras are the new era in photography. Now we can see the picture we take without the use of film and negatives. We can send the pictures to all of our friends and use our home printers to create prints. Photography has moved from the concentration of taking the perfect shot with a skill born to a few to everyone taking pictures.
This is not to say photography and photographers will not remain. There is still the need for quality in taking professional grade photographs. Light sensitivity is still important when dealing with a digital camera and unless you spend a lot, you will find quality of photographs is still missing. Photograph techniques lay within the lighting provided whether natural or artificial for the subject. You might wonder how to create a photograph in a dark room like a museum to share with your friends and family. Knowing the past photography techniques will help you in attaining that perfect photograph with your digital camera. Photography may have originated with few people, but we can see the advancements their inventions have led us to now.
Photography Means Writing With Light
Did you recognize that Photography literally means “Writing with light?” that’s correct? The meaning of “Photo” is “light” and its suffix “graphy” means “writing.” Therefore, the graphologist may be a handwriting analyst. Bet you probably did not know that. So, effective use of sunshine is at the guts of excellent photography. With the flamboyant gadgetry that’s overtaking the planet of photography, it’s time to travel back to the fundamentals. Studies into photography are all about we use light effectively. Where am I going with this? Well, I feel that with the increased emphasis on the amount of Mega Pixels and therefore the intellect-snaring delusion that nirvana in photography is achieved by Photoshopping, we are forgetting the fundamentals. First things first, get the sunshine, right. Should be obvious, right? Once you are writing with light, you ought to worry about the number, location, nature, and quality of sunshine.
Here are some basic:
1) If shooting a person’s subject take special care of how light causes shadows on different parts of the theme’s face.
2) Be sensitive to “hot spots” being created in several parts of your photograph.
Surely you are doing not need a shiny distractive element in your photo.
3) Check out your complete frame and see how light plays with; either by attenuating or amplifying; different elements. If a background feature is being overplayed or under-emphasized, something is not going right for you. Best to make a revision of camera settings and make some adjustments.
Art or Science: verity nature of photography
What is the verity nature of digital photography? Many of us are asking this question for an extended time. In fact, once individuals raise the question regarding the variety of nature of photography, they typically mean to raise whether or not it’s art or it’s science. Here we have some arguments for each side:
A) Art –
Many of us think about photography as being art as a result of it permits for the expression of feeling. They believe that photography could be a continuation of the art of drawing or painting. You see, photography is simply like painting within the sense that though it will take correct photos of reality, it conjointly permits for a few modifications through the assorted digital tools on the market nowadays. Even while not the written material many of us still believe that photography is art thanks to the actual fact that it will take one’s artist’s eye to search out a good subject of photography. The character of photography as an art has one thing to do with the actual fact that the creator is ready to specific emotions and statements through visual subjects. The supporters of the “artistic nature of digital photography” conjointly argue their case by stating its ability to convey emotional messages through aesthetics. The wonder of every photograph, of course, wants conjointly to be attributable to the person taking the images. One of the strongest arguments for the creative nature of photography is that the incontrovertible fact that the image is never very what’s seen with the optic. Through the camera and laptop, someone will alter the image so as to gift what he or she needs to point out.
B) Science –
Some individuals argue that science is that the true nature of photography.
One argument is that photography, not like painting, really comes from one thing existing and not from a painter’s mind or feeling. this could be terribly persuasive since, indeed, a creative person doesn’t really create images. He or she simply takes them. Another argument concerning the scientific nature of photography is that the incontrovertible fact that the writing that folks do and changes that photographers create square measure supported a series of steps that will be narrowed down scientifically. folks that argue for the scientific nature of photography could reason that an identical series of steps will be taken so as to realize identical results. There’s an explicit quality of constancy regarding photography that renders it a science. But what’s the variable nature of digital photography? We’ve got to scan the assorted arguments supporting science and art. There seems to be no answer to the current question, right? The true nature of photography can invariably stay to be a contradiction in terms. This implies that although it will be thought about as being art, it can even be thought about as a science. One is that the contradiction in terms of the character of photography solved? Well, it’s solved once someone takes a digital photograph. The true nature of photography lies within the hands of the one who takes the images. The method someone treats the method defines the character of photography for him or her. It’s fully conditionally art neither is it absolutely science. The Verity nature of photography could be a contradiction in terms. It’d appear to be contradictory, however, it’s somehow true.
Some Important Principles Of Photography
A camera is actually a sensitive machine, which will follow your command and you will be able to take the picture exactly the way you want it. Of course, there are quite a few things that you need to keep in mind before you push the camera button. Here is an insight into certain elements that needs to be taken into account when you are going for that classic picture!
Creativity using camera controls.
Mastery over camera controls is necessary. You just cannot do without that. You need to first read the guidebook that most camera manufacturing companies provide with the camera. I need to know the various modes your camera offers from macro to panoramic, back lighting and others.
If you have bought a DSLR then there are several elements that you will have to master and understand bringing out the best composition. A serious digital camera has the ability to provide you with a creative control over the images that you shoot. A digital camera can do this by allowing you the luxury to control both motion and light in all your photographs and at the same time it can demarcate between sharpness and softness. Most of the commonly available consumer digital cameras are completely automatic and hence you will not have to make too many adjustments. But high-end cameras like the DSLR offer the ability to work upon a wider range of controls. So before, you can even think of clicking away to glory; check the automatic exposure as well as the focusing systems, which is a key to achieving a good composition.
The automatic mode.
Most of the digital cameras work on an automatic mode. The automatic mode can set the focus as well as the exposure for you and all you have to do is click the subject. The automatic mode will help you in situations where you do not have the luxury of changing lenses or manually focusing especially when you are taking shot of a moving subject. But in spite of the automatic mode, you should choose a sub-mode like the night mode for taking pictures at night, so that according to the sub-mode the camera can adjust itself.
Some key areas.
Some of the key areas that most amateurs miss are too basic to be noticed and yet hold a lot of importance. For instance, you should always check in advance if the battery is full or not. You should not be in a situation where you get a great opportunity for a classic composition and the camera battery dies. Check all the minute things and then turn your camera on and set it to the automatic mode. Most digital cameras have an icon that says Auto mode.
Another key area is lighting, which is something that you will need to understand and feel to become a professional photographer. Here are some of the most important lighting conditions that assist photography composition:
Back Lighting. This kind of lighting comes from behind the subject. If you are unable to control the requirement of back lighting then it can turn your photography session into a disaster. Most of your pictures will either be over-exposed or burnt. The best way to take pictures with high amount of back light like the sun behind your subject is by using a fill-flash.
Diffused lighting. As you will learn on the way that sometimes whether the lighting is through an artificial source or a natural source, it can be quite harsh. When the lighting is harsh, you will need to soften it and try to minimize the contrast. Normally, it is advised not to take pictures in such a lighting condition. It is extensively encountered in landscape or nature photography and the best you can do is come back at a different time when the lighting conditions are better.
Framing. This is an important aspect and you need to frame your subject before you can push the camera button to take the picture. The automatic mode gives you a well-prepared platform but if you are unable to frame the primary subject then the final outcome will not be to your liking. Images can become hazy, blur or even distorted. You can frame the subject by using the viewfinder or the LCD monitor. Digital cameras have the zoom view also. So if you need to bring the subject closer than press the optical zoom or digital zoom as necessary. Once all your elements are in place, then go ahead and click the picture.
There will be times when you might not be satisfied with the outcome in spite of having framed the subject and following the guidelines. Do not be disheartened! The best way to move ahead is by experimenting with controls and through improvisations!
Rain droplets on rose leaves
Arctic Willow Flower, Resolute Bay, Nunavut – Canada.